The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is on the rise
Cardiology is the branch of medicine that studies the structure and function of the heart, and treats diseases and disorders of this organ. On average, the human heart beats about three billion times in a lifetime. In doing so, it pumps about 250 million litres of blood through the body. There is no artificial motor which can match this tireless performance, and most people take it for granted. But the heart is susceptible to disorders: unhealthy diet, lack of activity, smoking and stress are just some of many factors which impair the performance of our life’s engine. The number of people suffering from cardiovascular disease is constantly rising.
In our practice the patient is the focus of our attention
The prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is the central task of cardiology. Our priority is to place the patient at the centre of the therapy procedure, in spite of the “apparatus-based medicine” which is an inevitable part of cardiology.
Heart problems: diabetes is one of the most frequent causes.
- Many heart problems are caused by general medical diseases. Diabetes is the most frequent. Nowadays, physicians and patients are usually able to cope very well with the disease diabetes itself. But the so-called secondary diseases remain dangerous. These are chronic diseases, predominantly vascular disorders, which are caused by the conditions created by diabetes.
- Diabetics are two to three times more likely to suffer a stroke or heart attack than non-diabetics. While the risk in the general population is decreasing, it remains at a constantly high level for diabetics. What makes the situation so dangerous is that the vessels deteriorate very slowly, with the result that diabetics do not notice any change for a long time. And good blood glucose management does not protect against vessel damage. High blood pressure, elevated cholesterol levels and smoking are major risk factors for a heart attack. Diabetes multiplies all of these factors threefold! For this reason, it is of decisive importance for diabetics that they take the same preventive measures for their cardiovascular system as non-diabetics who have already suffered a heart attack.
- Seventy percent of Type-2 diabetes sufferers also develop atherosclerosis and thus belong in the group of high-risk candidates for heart attack. All diabetics should therefore undergo cardiological diagnostic examination at an early stage. Besides the adjustment of blood glucose, thorough diagnostics and therapy of high blood pressure and metabolic disorder are vitally important. Patients have to be prepared for long-term therapy in which they must adapt their lifestyle to their disease: the active treatment of risk factors with medication must be supplemented by sufficient physical activity, a healthy diet and absolute nicotine abstinence. Our exercise therapists and nutritionists develop appropriate programmes – compiled for the individual needs of each patient.
Examinations performed in the Cardiology Department of the medicum Hamburg
- Stress ECG
- Echocardiography (cardiac ultrasound)
- 24-hour ECG
- 24-hour blood pressure monitoring
- Ultrasound of the carotid arteries to calculate the individual risk of heart attack
- Monitoring of cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators
- Laboratory diagnostics
- Lung function diagnostics
- Co-operation with specialist for internal and general medicine, diabetologists, nutrition and exercise therapists
medicum Hamburg – our highest priority: comprehensive, holistic therapy concepts for a healthy life